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Dele Fapohunda


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The  NEW FARMER S ALMANAC  VOL 5, 2021,  THE GRAND LAND PLAN has just been published  by Greenhorns, an organization based in Maine, USA which believes in the reformation of Agriculture for humanity to survive on this planet . It does this by focussing on ecological farming harnessing data and facts from diverse stakeholders including researchers, artists media producers and other collaborators

The 2021 Almanac has contributions from seasoned experts who linked with history to generate ideas and facts that can lead to sustainable and healthier planet

‘What is left is left for us’ to manage sensibly particularly now that there is a growing demand for rural land. The history of colonization of indigenous land, the activity of the minority and other events are to combine to dictate the mode and style of celebrating the 10th Earthlife day

Every statement in the 12-month Almanac  comes to the conclusion of the need to carry out earth repair and replacing trauma with healing as the only route forward for humanity

It is a must read not only for stakeholders in agricultural production, but also those in processing, storage and safety in food value chain and environmental remediation

The 399-page report was edited by Severine von Tscharner Fleming(Editor in chief) and Brian Olson(Lead Editor). Its printed by McNaughton and Gunn.


For more on this , please visit  <>

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Dele Fapohunda Ph.D

14 March 2021


Date Activity Language Presenter Details Registration link
Wed, 11 March 2021 Importance of transparency for brands EN Anteja Africa
(African Agribusiness Transparency Initiative)
11 AM (EAT)
Wed, 17 March 2021 How Transparency can improve the Market Position of your Agribusiness EN Anteja Africa
(African Transparency Initiative)
11 AM (ET)


The Forum for Agricultural Research In Africa (FARA) publishes  some information on its site or shared on the PAEPARD Platform. The information is for a wider dissemination Kindly visit the site for more information

The Secretariat is pleased to present to you updates of Funding Opportunities & Upcoming Events in AR4D in Africa for the month of March 2021 and beyond. Please visit our blog to access all the details.

Funding Opportunities & Scholarships in AR4D:

Upcoming events in AR4D:

You may also visit our corporate website and Africa Agricultural Observatory for other information about FARA.


Dele Fapohunda Ph.D

08 March, 2021


For some time  now, there has been a series of violence through kidnapping, banditry and similar anti social conducts. many areas of life have been affected adversely. The Agricultural and Food  sector has suffered. The Nation newspaper recently made a Report on this . Happy reading

What Nigeria is losing from insecurity

The agricultural sector holds the key to the country’s drive for economic diversification. But, food production has been undermined by insecurity in recent times, particularly the activities of Boko Haram insurgents in the Northeast, as well as those of bandits in the Northwest and the growing violent conflicts between nomadic herders and sedentary agrarian communities in the North-central and elsewhere in the country. Deputy Political Editor RAYMOND MORDI who has been following the development reports


There is growing anger in the Southwest over the activities of some pastoralists in the region, which have led to clashes between them and farmers in their host communities. It is instructive to note that incessant clashes between farmers and herders are not new in Nigeria. But, it appears to have assumed a new dimension in recent times. The development has eroded the relationship between the host communities and the settlers. One of the factors responsible for this, according to experts, is because the pasture available to herders is shrinking as a result of changing weather patterns brought about by climate change.

Indeed, the country has been in a war-like state for some time, with Boko Haram insurgents still holding sway in the Northeast, bandits terrorizing the Northwest and herders armed with AK47 rifles roaming the North-central and other parts of the country on the lookout for victims to kidnap for ransom. For instance, there was outrage across the country and beyond after more than 43 labourers working in rice fields at Zabarmari, Jere Local Government Area of Borno State were slaughtered by Boko Haram insurgents late last year. Reports say the attackers tied up the labourers and slit their throats. Following the Zabarmari massacre, Borno State Governor Babagana Zulum admitted that the insurgents remain strong in most parts of the state, especially in Sambisa Forest, river fringes of Koshobe and the Lake Chad Basin.


Destabilised economic base

The growing insecurity in the country has destabilized the economic base of the country, particularly food production in the Northeast, the Northwest and the North-central. The price of foodstuff has increased considerably in recent times, owing to the activities of Boko Haram insurgents in the Northeast, bandits in the Northwest and those of herders in the North-central. The Northwest states of Zamfara, Kaduna and Katsina, which used to be the bastion of security and stability, are also currently under siege, following the upsurge in the activities of bandits in rural communities. The Middle Belt, which is the food basket of the nation, has been under siege from herders in recent years.

The agricultural sector holds the key to the country’s drive for economic diversification. But, food production has been undermined by violent conflicts between nomadic herders from the North and sedentary agrarian communities in the North-central and elsewhere in the country. Such violent clashes have escalated in recent years and are spreading southward, threatening the country’s security and stability. Government’s response to the crisis at both the federal and state levels has been poor. The insecurity has reached a stage where most members of the National Assembly, particularly from the North, can no longer go to their hometowns because of the fear of being kidnapped. They live perpetually in Abuja now because insecurity has taken over a large expanse of land in the North. Increasingly, it is now spreading to the South. Initially, when it began spreading from the Northeast to the Northwest, people in the South felt secure because they thought it was entirely a northern affair. But, this is no longer the case.

Observers say the situation is made worse by the absence of effective community policing mechanisms capable of addressing the hinterlands’ peculiar security challenges. As the conflicts increase in frequency, intensity and geographical scope, so does their humanitarian and economic toll. The increasing availability of illicit firearms, both locally-produced and smuggled in from outside, worsens the bloodshed.


Land-grabbing episodes

Speaking about the activities of the nefarious activities of the herders, a journalist and a commentator on national affairs, Mr. Gbola Oba said what Nigerians are witnessing is a systemic land grabbing episodes perpetrated against the minority ethnic groups in the Middle Belt, particularly Southern Kaduna, Plateau, Benue and Taraba and that this has been going on for the last 40 years. Oba who made the remark on City FM last Wednesday attributed it to the disintegration of the Sahel, which led to Fulani youth exodus from countries like Guinea, Niger, Mali and Senegal to Nigeria.

He said: “While most other youths are attempting to face the direction of Europe, the Fulani stock in Guinea, Niger, Mali and Senegal kept coming downwards, looking for green pastures and the Northwest states of Zamfara, Sokoto and Kebbi were the first casualties. We thought it was just a northern phenomenon, but we have seen the reality because they are now in Oyo, Ogun and almost in Lagos because they are already in Agbara, which is between Lagos and Ogun State. There are reported cases of a concentration of armed, young Fulani men in Agbara, which is technically Ogun State, but it is as good as Lagos.”

The resultant insecurity is affecting the prices of goods adversely, particularly foodstuff. In Gbola Oba’s words: “We are now in a situation where prices of foodstuff are said to be increasing as a result of instability and insecurity in rural areas, where most of the food consumed in the country are produced.”

The Chairman of the Kebbi State Rice Farmers’ Association, Mohammed Augie corroborates Oba’s view. In his terse response to our reporter’s question on the telephone, Augie said rice farmers in the state are affected by the insecurity in the Northwest just like other people in the region. He said sometimes the farmers are afraid of going to their farms for fear of being kidnapped for ransom. He added: “In such times, we can only go to farms in nearby towns because the ones far from major towns are usually safe havens for the bandits.”

Open grazing and insecurity

Food safety activist and founder, Safe Food and Feed Foundation, Prof Dele Fapohunda blames the increasing incident of open grazing supervised by herders that do not brook any contradiction because they are armed with AK-47 rifle. He said the basic variables in food production are land and fund. For food production to take place, he added, it is assumed that a farmer is fairly safe on his farm, even till late in the night. He said: “Of recent, another factor, on-site banditry, has been added to the equation. This strange addition otherwise called insecurity now seems to carry more weight than all other factors combined, in the successful prosecution of an agro project. It becomes more worrisome when the source of discord is not the ownership structure by the farmers, but a grazing right of an invader. It is annoying to tag the situation herder-farmer clash. In truth, it is herders’ invasion of another person’s farmland.

“When the activities of the herders, who are private investors, look like those of land grabbers, then the picture is very dangerous and the future looks dirty. Why should the herder carry a gun, if not to suppress an unwilling host? In Nigeria, herders’ invasion of other peoples’ farms is now an established agro stressor. Unlike drought and flooding which are traceable to nature and therefore, beyond man, agriculture in Nigeria may be experiencing its worst man-made disaster through insecurity. For many years to come, Nigerians will continue to count the costs of today’s indecision and indiscretion. The atmosphere is tense and unpredictable, particularly when the option of self-help is now becoming a pan-Nigeria choice. The youths are scared to go to farms, while the older generations are phasing out. Income has dwindled through local supply gaps and zero export.”

The food safety activist said the stress due to supply gaps creates farm-fear and abandonment. His words: “Farm-fear will result in food shortages, and food processing will be at a discount as raw materials cannot meet the demand profile. The effect is that some parts of the country are now experiencing acute food shortage and famine. Although the state provides internally displaced persons’ (IDP) camps as an emergency step, most of the affected households feel debased and dehumanized by the single act of needless dependence on others for survival. When farmers are dislodged, food shortage is imminent and when aid workers become the target of armed attacks then, Nigeria cannot be on track to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal Number 2, which emphasizes zero hunger by the year 2030.

“This goal specifically says ‘end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture’. In the face of an uneven but continuous violence against the innocent farmers, this goal cannot be actualized. Meanwhile, the African continent where Nigeria plays a strategic role by population, the number of undernourished is growing faster than anywhere in the world as stated in a recent report by the United Nations.”

Criminal syndicates

A senior lecturer at the Department of Political Science, Federal University, Lafia, Nasarawa State, Dr. Chukwuma Okoli said the prevailing socio-existential conditions in the Northwest have complicated the security situation. His words: “The rural pastoral sector is not well regulated. Illicit artisanal mining and the proliferation of arms in the region are also veritable factors. Geography plays a role, too. The zone’s forestlands are vast, rugged and hazardous. They are also grossly under-policed. Some of the forests run alongside the diverse porous borderlines on the region’s frontiers. Borders are poorly delineated, under-policed and thus not well-governed. The consequence of this is an abundance of nefarious activity, often facilitated by criminal syndicates.

“Rural banditry in the Northwest also derives impetus from the poorly governed mining and small arms sector. Bandits have been drawn to the region by illicit and artisanal mining in states like Zamfara where bandits have been raiding mining sites for gold and cash. The Federal Government has recognised the apparent linkage between rural banditry and illicit mining. It suspended all forms of mining in Zamfara State in early April of 2019.

“Transhumance – the movement of cattle – is poorly regulated. This has seen it being infiltrated by criminals, which has led to the intensification of cattle rustling in the region. In states such as Kaduna, Katsina, Zamfara and Kebbi, there exists a clan of livestock bandits who specialise in mass cattle raids. While some of these cattle rustling gangs are affiliated with local and transnational syndicates, a number of them are mercenaries of Boko Haram. Cattle rustling constitute a valuable source of funding for the terror group.”

He said the insecurity has been allowed to degenerate into a complex national emergency with dire territorial implications. He added: “This mirrors exactly what happened with the Boko Haram insurgency. From sporadic incidents, Boko Haram began launching systematic attacks targeted at individuals, communities and, eventually, the state.”

The so-called herders-farmers’ clashes are fueled by challenges relating to land and water use, obstruction of traditional migration routes, livestock theft and crop damage. But, it runs deeper than that. The lecturer puts it very succinctly in the following words: “Drought and desertification have degraded pastures, dried up much natural water sources across the country’s far-northern Sahelian belt and forced large numbers of herders to migrate south in search of grassland and water for their herds. Insecurity in many northern states (a consequence of the Boko Haram insurgency in the Northeast and rural banditry and cattle rustling in the Northwest and North-central) also prompts increasing numbers of herdsmen to migrate south.

“The growth of human settlements, expansion of public infrastructure and acquisition of land by large-scale farmers and another private commercial interests have deprived herders of grazing reserves designated by the post-independence government of the former Northern region (now split into nineteen states). Herders migrating into the savannah and rain forests of the North-central and southern states are moving into regions where high population growth over the last four decades has heightened pressure on farmland, increasing the frequency of disputes over crop damage, water pollution and cattle theft. In the absence of mutually accepted mediation mechanisms, these disagreements increasingly turn violent.”

The spread of conflict into the Southwest states and other parts of the south in recent times is aggravating the already fragile relations among the country’s major ethnic and religious groups. It has been acknowledged in recent times that the herders are mostly of the Fulani ethnic stock from outside the country. This has introduced an ethnic dimension to strife. The region’s majority Christian communities resent the influx of predominantly Muslim herders, portrayed in some narratives as an ‘‘Islamisation force’’. Observers say owing to the fact that the Fulani spread across many West and Central African countries, any major confrontation between them and other Nigerian groups could have regional repercussions, drawing in fighters from neighbouring countries.


Wider implications

A security expert and presidential candidate of Grassroots Development Party of Nigeria (GDPN) in the last general elections, Dr. Davidson Akhimien said when insurgency hits a community, it dislocates the fabric, the cohesion, and the co-existence that holds that community together. He added: “It destabilises the economic base of that community, as people abandon their source of livelihood. If it is a rural community, people are forced to abandon their farms and that, in In the long run affects the food security of the nation.

“Insurgency or insecurity breeds mutual suspicion and it could also lead to inter-ethnic conflicts and clashes, where the perpetrators of the insurgency are viewed through the prism of ethnic and religious lines. Insecurity affects the national economy and the capacity of the government to be able to govern effectively. It also affects the legitimacy of governments, particularly where a government is not able to protect its citizens as a result of insurgent activities because that is the first responsibility recognised in the constitution.”

Dr. Akhimien, a retired military intelligence officer and the immediate past National President of the Association of Licensed Private Security Practitioners of Nigeria (ALPSPN), said there is no community or society that exists without security. He said: “That is why it is said that security is the bedrock of human existence. This is why the motto of most nation-states revolves around peace: peace and progress, unity and progress or peace and prosperity. There is nothing that happens without peace as a foundation. As a result, insurgency affects the community and the nation in so many negative ways. It truncates the peace and tranquillity that ought to keep a people together to ensure that they can think straight and grow culturally, economically, socially and spiritually too.


The way forward

What can be done to stem this growing tide of insecurity? Apart from engaging in physical combat with the insurgents and the bandits, Dr. Akhimien said the government must find other ways to prevent the insecurity situation from gaining ground or spreading to other geographical areas. One of such ways, he said, is for leaders at various levels to speak out against it. He added: “It is like a tacit approval if leaders are silent. They should speak out, condemning the reprehensible act and make it clear that it is not in tandem with the religion they practice.”

Another factor that encourages insurgency or banditry is what the retired military officer has described as the political economy of war. He said: “If you look at the situation critically, there is what you call the political economy of war. It would appear that so many groupings are benefitting from this war. There are people who supply the insurgents with all manner of necessities; such people would not want the war to end. Even the armed forces, who continue to get increased funding from the Federal Government, the tendency is that they would not want this funding to stop. So, it is like officers would be torn between the pecuniary financial benefits they are receiving and the love for the country (patriotism).”

Prof Fapohunda said since farmers in different parts of the country are experiencing the same insecurity challenge it is imperative to find a lasting solution that would be acceptable to all the residents of the six geo-political zones in the country. For a lasting resolution of the chaos, he said the use of the word ‘invasion’ must be put in the right context and generally accepted, “because in the southern part of Nigeria, every farmland, or undeveloped land, including forests and river banks belong to a person, a family, the king or the state government”.

The food safety activist also called for a stakeholders’ meeting on agriculture and food security, adding that it has become compulsory, not just necessary at this point in time. He said: “This will bring all the stakeholders together at a round table, to proffer lasting solutions to the crisis.”

He equally called on the Federal Government to put an end to the proliferation of small arms and that those already smuggled into the the country should be collected by the national security forces and by addressing the problem of the porous borders, as a way of checking the inexorable flow of illegal migrants into the country. He added: “This is necessary as there are indications that some of the pastoralists that perpetrate these crimes are not the ones that have been living in different host communities for decades.

“As a result, illegal aliens coming from North Africa should be stopped and those already inside must be profiled and kept under strict watch. Non-Nigerians who have an affinity with some other Nigerians by virtue of language should be made to know they are not Nigerians, who must be guided by a set of rules. Mindless killings just because the killer has guns must be psychologically addressed, among other interventions. The itinerant herders need to be convinced that trekking many kilometres is wasting and unproductive to both cattle and man. They get more income from a healthy cow through its productivity.”

Dele Fapohunda Ph.D

08 March 2021


Dear Readers

We got this material from the site of fsis usda and we believe it will benefit all stakeholders in the food safety club. For any clarification, please contact as stated at the bottom of the article


Keep Food Safe! Food Safety Basics

Safe steps in food handling, cooking, and storage are essential in preventing foodborne illness. You can’t see, smell, or taste harmful bacteria that may cause illness. In every step of food preparation, follow the four guidelines to keep food safe:


  • Purchase refrigerated or frozen items after selecting your nonperishables.
  • Never choose meat or poultry in packaging that is torn or leaking.
  • Do not buy food past “Sell-By,” “Use-By,” or other expiration dates.


  • Always refrigerate perishable food within 2 hours (1 hour when the temperature is above 90 °F).
  • Check the temperature of your refrigerator and freezer with an appliance thermometer. The refrigerator should be at 40 °F or below and the freezer at 0 °F or below.
  • Cook or freeze fresh poultry, fish, ground meats, and variety meats within 2 days; other beef, veal, lamb, or pork, within 3 to 5 days.
  • Perishable food such as meat and poultry should be wrapped securely to maintain quality and to prevent meat juices from getting onto other food.
  • To maintain quality when freezing meat and poultry in its original package, wrap the package again with foil or plastic wrap that is recommended for the freezer.
  • In general, high-acid canned food such as tomatoes, grapefruit, and pineapple can be stored unopened on the shelf for 12 to 18 months. Low-acid canned food such as meat, poultry, fish, and most vegetables will keep 2 to 5 years-if the unopened can remains in good condition and has been stored in a cool, clean, and dry place. Discard cans that are dented, leaking, bulging, or rusted.


  • Refrigerator—The refrigerator allows slow, safe thawing. Make sure thawing meat and poultry juices do not drip onto other food.
  • Cold Water—For faster thawing, place food in a leak-proof plastic bag. Submerge in cold tap water. Change the water every 30 minutes. Cook immediately after thawing.
  • Microwave—Cook meat and poultry immediately after microwave thawing.


  • Always wash hands with soap and warm water for 20 seconds before and after handling food.
  • Don’t cross-contaminate. Keep raw meat, poultry, fish, and their juices away from other food. After cutting raw meats, wash cutting board, knife, and counter tops with hot, soapy water.
  • Marinate meat and poultry in a covered dish in the refrigerator.
  • Sanitize cutting boards by using a solution of 1 tablespoon of unscented, liquid chlorine bleach in 1 gallon of water.

Cook all raw beef, pork, lamb and veal steaks, chops, and roasts to a minimum internal temperature of 145 °F as measured with a food thermometer before removing meat from the heat source. For safety and quality, allow meat to rest for at least three minutes before carving or consuming. For reasons of personal preference, consumers may choose to cook meat to higher temperatures.

Ground meats: Cook all raw ground beef, pork, lamb, and veal to an internal temperature of 160 °F as measured with a food thermometer.

Poultry: Cook all poultry to an internal temperature of 165 °F as measured with a food thermometer.

Product Type Minimum Internal Temperature & Rest Time
Beef, Pork, Veal & Lamb Ground 160 °F
Steak, chops, and roasts 145 °F and allow to rest for at least 3 minutes
Chicken & Turkey Breasts 165 °F
Ground, stuffing, and casseroles 165 °F
Whole bird, legs, thighs, and wings 165 °F
Eggs Any type 160 °F
Fish & Shellfish Any type 145 °F
Leftovers Any type 165 °F
Ham Fresh or smoked (uncooked) 145 °F and allow to rest for at least 3 minutes
Fully cooked ham (to reheat) Reheat cooked hams packaged in USDA-inspected plants to 140 °F and all others to 165 °F.

[Top of Page]


  • Hot food should be held at 140 °F or warmer.
  • Cold food should be held at 40 °F or colder.
  • When serving food at a buffet, keep hot food hot with chafing dishes, slow cookers, and warming trays. Keep cold food cold by nesting dishes in bowls of ice or use small serving trays and replace them often.
  • Use a food thermometer to check hot and cold holding temperatures.
  • Perishable food should not be left out more than 2 hours at room temperature (1 hour when the temperature is above 90 °F).


  • Discard any food left out at room temperature for more than 2 hours (1 hour if the temperature was above 90 °F).
  • Place food into shallow containers and immediately put in the refrigerator or freezer for rapid cooling.
  • Use most cooked leftovers within 3 to 4 days. (See chart.)
  • Reheat leftovers to 165 °F.

Meat and poultry defrosted in the refrigerator may be refrozen before or after cooking. If thawed by other methods, cook before refreezing.

Cold Storage Chart
These storage times will help keep refrigerated (40 °F) food from spoiling or becoming dangerous to eat. Because freezing at 0 °F or below (not 32 °F) keeps food safe indefinitely, recommended freezer storage times are for quality only. Use an appliance thermometer to monitor storage temperatures in the refrigerator and freezer.

Cold Storage Chart
Preparation Type or Description Refrigerate (40 °F) Freeze (0 °F) *
Beef, Lamb, Pork, Veal
Fresh beef, lamb, veal and pork Ground, hamburger, stew meat, variety meat (tongue, liver, heart, kidney, chitterlings) 1-2 days 3-4 months
Chops, roasts, steaks 3-5 days 4-12 months
Chops, pre-stuffed 1 day Does not freeze well
Leftovers Including casseroles 3-4 days 2-3 months
Corned Beef In pouch, with pickling juices 5-7 days Drained, 1 month
Bacon Bacon 7 days 1 month
Ham (Pre-Cooked)
Fully Cooked Slices 3-4 days 1-2 months
Half 3-5 days 1-2 months
Whole 7 days 1-2 months
Canned Labeled “Keep Refrigerated” Opened 3-5 days 1-2 months
Unopened 6-9 months Do not freeze
Vacuum sealed Unopened, fully cooked vacuum sealed, dated “Use-by” date 1-2 months
Unopened, fully cooked vacuum sealed, undated 2 weeks 1-2 months
Chicken, Turkey, Other Poultry
Fresh Chicken breast, pre-stuffed 1 day Does not freeze well
Ground, patties, giblets 1-2 days 3-4 months
Pieces 1-2 days 9 months
Whole 1-2 days 1 year
Leftovers Casseroles 3-4 days 4-6 months
Chicken nuggets, patties 1-2 days 1-3 months
Pieces, plain or fried 3-4 days 4 months
Pieces in broth or gravy 3-4 days 6 months
Fresh In shell 3-5 weeks Do not freeze
Yolk, whites 2-4 days 1 year
Leftovers Casserole, quiche, omelet 3-4 days 2 months
Hard-cooked 1 week Does not freeze well
Opened Liquid pasteurized eggs, egg substitutes 3 days Does not freeze well
Unopened Liquid pasteurized eggs, egg substitutes 10 days 1 year
Sausages, Lunch Meats
Hard Sausage Jerky sticks, pepperoni 2-3 weeks 1-2 months
Raw Sausage Beef, chicken, pork, turkey 1-2 days 1-2 months
Smoked Sausage Breakfast links, patties 7 days 1-2 months
Lunch Meat Deli-sliced or store-prepared 3-5 days 1-2 months
Opened Hot dogs 1 week 1-2 months
Lunch meat—vacuum-packed, sliced 3-5 days 1-2 months
Summer sausage labeled “keep refrigerated” 3 weeks 1-2 months
Unopened Hot dogs 2 weeks 1-2 months
Lunch meat—vacuum-packed, sliced 2 weeks 1-2 months
Summer sausage labeled “keep refrigerated” 3 months 1-2 months
Fresh Fish 1-2 days 3-8 months
Shellfish 1-2 days 3-12 months
Leftovers Fish and shellfish 3-4 days 3 months
Frozen Dinners and Entrees “Keep frozen” Unsafe to thaw 3-4 months
Mayonnaise Commercial, “refrigerate after opening” 2 months Do not freeze
Other Leftovers Gravy and meat broth 3-4 days 2-3 months
Pizza 3-4 days 1-2 months
Soups and stews 3-4 days 2-3 months
Stuffing 3-4 days 1 month
Salads Egg, chicken, ham, macaroni, tuna (store-prepared, homemade) 3-5 days Does not freeze well
* Because freezing at 0 °F keeps food safe indefinitely, recommended storage times are for quality only.

For More Food Safety Information, Contact:
USDA Meat and Poultry Hotline
1-888-MPHotline (1-888-674-6854)
The hotline is open year-round Monday through Friday from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. ET (English or Spanish). Recorded food safety messages are available 24 hours a day.
Visit the Web: : FSIS’ automated response system can provide food safety information 24/7 and a live chat during Hotline hours.

SOURCE   =; accessed 01 Feb 2021

We are grateful to USDA for the rich content of the material




It started in 2015,  as a minor trade disagreement that looked like it would soon be resolved. Some commitment was deployed into  find a wholistic intervention through the multi stakeholder zero reject initiative  under the then Minister for Agriculture, Chief Audu Ogbeh and involving bodies like the EU and UNIDO

The EU food safety authority(EFSA) had in 2015 banned Nigerian beans because it contained between 0.3mg per kilogram and 4.6mg per kg of Dichlorvos, a pesticide when the maximum acceptable residue limit was 0.01 mg per kg.

It is now clear that all the effort could not yield any convincing result. If Nigeria could not satisfy the EU in 5 continuous years, then questions will be asked as to when and how all the money budgeted for workshops and other meetings was spent. And more importantly, why was the money NOT deployed in ways to guarantee set AIMS and OBJECTIVES. The President must ask questions from the relevant Hon Ministers





30 Jan 2021


On behalf of the Food safety community all over the world, this is wishing every stakeholder in this crusade a very happy new year 2021.

We believe that this year will witness more action and passion from relevant sectors that will lead to an improvement in the hygiene of food and feed for both human and animal consumption. Inclusiveness and team spirit are critical tools in achieving and sustaining food safety for local use and export.

Kindly come up with suggestions  and comments that you think can enhance the quality of our delivery and contribute to attaining the Sustainable Development Goals.






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